Case 002/02

On 15 September 2010, Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan (together with Ieng Sary and Ieng Thirith) were indicted on charges of crimes against humanity, genocide and grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 in what is referred as Case 002 before the ECCC. The charges against them are specified in the Closing Order of Case 002. As Ieng Thirith was found unfit to stand trial, and Ieng Sary died on 14 March 2013, the two remaining defendants in Case 002 are Khieu Samphan and Nuon Chea.

In September 2011, the Trial Chamber decided to separate (sever) the charges in the Case 002 Closing Order into a series of smaller trials. The first trial in Case 002, referred to as Case 002/01 commenced on 21 November 2011, and on 7 August 2014 Nuon and Khieu Samphan was found guilty of crimes againgst humanity and sentenced to life imprisonment.

Case 002/02 refers to the second trial against Khieu Samphan and Nuon Chea where additional charges from the Closing Order in Case 002 will be heard. In a decision on 4 April 2014, the Trial Chamber decided that the following alleged crime sites and factual allegations will form the basis for Case 002/02:
•    Genocide against the Cham and the Vietnamese (excluding crimes committed by the Revolutionary Army of Kampuchea on Vietnamese territory);
•    Forced marriages and rape (nationwide);
•    Internal purges;
•    S-21 Security Centre; Kraing Ta Chan Security Centre, Au Kanseng Security Centre and Phnom Kraol Security Centre;
•    1st January Dam Worksite; Kampong Chhnang Airport Construction site, Trapeang Thma Dam Worksite;
•    Tram Kok Cooperative;
•    Treatment of Buddhists (limited to Tram Kok Cooperatives); and
•    Targeting of former Khmer Republic Officials (implementation limited to Tram Kok Cooperatives, 1st January Dam Worksite, S-21 Security Centre and Kraing Ta Chan Security Centre)

Trial hearings in Case 002/02 wil commence on 17 October 2014.

Indicted Person

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Witnesses, experts and Civil Parties who have appeared in Case 002. Click on photo for larger version.

Mr. Pech Chim Mr. Pech Chim
Ms. OUM Vannak Ms. OUM Vannak
MS. LOEP Neang MS. LOEP Neang
Mr. BUN Sarouen Mr. BUN Sarouen
Mr. Thann Thim Mr. Thann Thim
Mr. Beng Boeun Mr. Beng Boeun
Ms. Yem Khonny Ms. Yem Khonny
Ms. Tak Sann Ms. Tak Sann
Ms. Iam Yen Ms. Iam Yen
Mr. Richard Dudman Mr. Richard Dudman

Mr. Dudman was one of only  two western journalist who were allowed to visit Democratic Kampuchea. He visited Cambodia together with Elizabeth Becker and Malcom Caldwell in December 1978. Mr. Dudman testified via videolink from the USA.

Ms. OEM Saroeurn Ms. OEM Saroeurn
Mr. SAUT Saing Mr. SAUT Saing

The Trial Chamber granted protective measures for the Civil Party who testified with image and voice distortion.

Mr. Riel Son Mr. Riel Son
Mr. Nut Nov Mr. Nut Nov
Mr. Neang Ouch Mr. Neang Ouch
Mr. Neang Ouch, alias Ta San, 72, a former teacher, told the court he was appointed in 1975 as chief of education of three provinces, including Kampot and Takeo. In 1977 he was transferred by his brother-in -law Ta Mok to Leay Bour commune, where he was appointed as an assistant to the district committee. He disputed claims made by other witnesses that he was the District Secretary of Tram Kok. The witness stated that he was instructed to provide technical assistance in the construction of dams and canals and to show the cooperatives to Swedish and Chinese delegations. He was questioned about the administrative and communication structure in the cooperatives and the relations between the communes, districts, sectors and zones. He also answered questions about marriage ceremonies he had witnessed. When question about Buddhist practices, he said that there were no pagodas in operation in Tram Kak district during the
Mr. VAN Soeun Mr. VAN Soeun
Mr. Vann Soeun, alias Soan, 56, from Leay Bour commune in Tram Kok district, said he was assigned in 1975 to the guard unit at Kraing Ta Chan detention centre and tasked as a messenger during day time and as a prisoners’ guard during night time. He testified about the operations at Kraing Ta Chan and the conditions of the prisoners. He said he never saw any executions of prisoners, because he was stationed to guared the outer perimeter of the compound. When asked questions about defrocking of monks, he said he had heard of instances of defrocking from other people.
Mr. Phann Chhen Mr. Phann Chhen
Mr. Phann Chhen, 83, told the court that in 1973-1974 he was commune chief of Kus in Takeo in charge of culture and education. He said that he had no authority over Kraing Ta Chan after 1973, when it was transformed into a detention facility, and he only entered it to supply food. He was questioned about his knowledge about the operations at Kraing Ta Chan, and he denied ever having been in charge of Kraing Ta Chan during the period he was commune chief. He was asked about his role in the committee organizing housing for evacuees and people released from Kraing ta Chan (1973-74). He testified that that the marriages he witnessed appeared not be forced. He was also about party policies towards the Vietnamese, which he had learned of from broadcasts and meetings.
Mr. SREI Than Mr. SREI Than
Mr. Srei Thân, alias Duch, 58, was a Khmer Rouge soldier in Tram Kok district and later, in 1977, a guard in Kraing Ta Chan detention centre. He explained that while at Kraing Ta Chan he had been asked by the prison’s chief and his deputy to type confessions reports. He stated that while working in the prison chief’s office he could hear the screaming from the interrogation site. He was questioned about his tasks at Kraing Ta Chan and his unit. Following a request for protective measures, the Trial Chamber ordered that the address of the witness should not be disclosed to the public, and that his image should not be shown in public. The picture of the witness has therefore been distorted
Mr. SAO Han Mr. SAO Han
Mr. Sao Han, 68, from Tram Kok district, told the Trial Chamber that after the fall of Phnom Penh, his brother, a former Lon Nol soldier,was arrested and taken away for re-education a few days after he had arrived in his native village in Tram Kok district. . Later on he learned from neighbours that his brother had been taken to Kraing Ta Chan detention centre and killed. He was questioned about the working and living conditions in the cooperative. Asked about Buddhism, he stated that he witnessed statues and books being taken away from pagodas and monks being defrocked.
 Mr. PHNEU Yav Mr. PHNEU Yav
Mr. Phneu Yav, 68, from Samraong commune, Tram Kok district, explained that in 1970 joined the revolutionary movement. He was questioned about the living conditions in the Samraong commune. He stated that communal eating started in 1975 along with the banning of private ownership and that people were categorized into three separate units. The witness said that in late 1976 he was given the responsibility to teach base people’s young children how to spell and read the Khmer alphabet. He was also questioned about forced marriages that took place in the cooperative, and about the treatment of Buddhists.
Mr. RY Pov Mr. RY Pov
Mr. Ry Pov, 58, from Takeo province, explained that he and his family fled to Vietnam in 1975, and then took part in an exchange programme that was agreed between Vietnam and Pol Pot to return to Cambodia in 1976. Mr. Ry described the exchange process and the moment when Khmer Rouge soldiers prohibited them to move and confiscated their money and belongings. He was questioned on the treatment in Tram Kok cooperative and on the working conditions. The civil party stated that they were separated from the others and assigned to the “Youn” category.
Ms. Elizabeth Becker Ms. Elizabeth Becker

Ms. Becker is a former journalist with the Washington Post and the New York Times and she is the author of the book "When the war was over: Cambodia and the Khmer Rouge Revolution". She was one of only two western journalist who was allowed to visit Democratoc Kampuchea. During her visit in December 1978 she interviewed Pol Pot and Ieng Sary.

Mr. SOY Sen Mr. SOY Sen

The Civil Party Mr. Soy said has was arrested and sent to Kraing Ta Chan prision in 1974 and detained there until 1979. After a while he was allowed to work during daytime with watching after the cattle and farming activities. He said he was also ordered to dig pits and bury the dead. He was questioned about his experiences during the time he was detained at the prison. 

Mr. Keo Chandara Mr. Keo Chandara

Mr. Keo told the Trial Chamber that he joined the revolutionary movement as a doctor in 1970, responding to the call from former leader Norodom Sihanouk. He said he was arrested and sent to Kraing Ta Chan in 1975. He was questioned about arrest, interrogation, torture and exexutions at the security centre. 

Ms. CHEANG Srei Mom Ms. CHEANG Srei Mom

Ms. CHEANG Srei Mom, 60, is from Nhaeng Nhang commune in Tram Kok District in Takeo Province. She said the area came under Khmer Rouge control in 1970. She explained that before she was forced into a marriage in 1977, she had worked as a teaching assistant in a children’s unit. She was questioned about her marriage and other marriages in the cooperative. The witness was asked questions related to the living conditions, prohibition of Buddhism, policies on the Vietnamese, and arrests of people in the cooperative, including her own father, who she said was killed at Kraing Ta Chan Security Center.

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