Case 002

Two former Khmer Rouge leaders are now on trial in Case 002.

The two Accused are:

  • Nuon Chea, former Chairman of the Democratic Kampuchea National Assembly and Deputy Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea; and
  • Khieu Samphan, former Head of State of Democratic Kampuchea

The two Accused are charged with crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949, and genocide against the Muslim Cham and the Vietnamese. 

The Trial Chamber held the initial hearing in June 2011. Since then, Case 002 has been severed into at least to separate trials, each addressing a different section of the indictment.

Two other co-accused, Ieng Sary and his wife Ieng Thirith, were also part Case 002. The proceedings against Ieng Sary were terminated on 14 March 2013, following his death the same day. Ieng Thirith, was indicted but later found unfit to stand trial due to her dementia and separated from the case in November 2011. Following a re-assessment by medical experts in August 2012, The Trial Chamber found that Ieng Thirith remained unfit to stand trial. The medical experts concluded that no further available medical treatment was likely to improve Ieng Thirith's fitness to stand trial. Ieng Thirith was released from provisional detention on 16 September 2012, and she is currently under under judical supervision.

Case 002/01: The first trial (Case 002/01) commenced on 21 November 2011, primarily focusing on alleged crimes against humanity related to the forced movement of the population from Phnom Penh and later from other regions (phases one and two), and excution of Khmer Republic soldiers at Toul Po Chrey execution site immediately after the Khmer Rouge takeover in 1975.  It also considers the roles of the Accused in relation to regime policies relevant to all charges, which will provide a foundation for examining the remaining charges in future trials. The hearing of evidenve in case 002/01 ended on 23 July 2013 and the closing statements concluded on 31 October 2013. The trial judgment was pronounced on 7 August 2014. Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan were found guilty of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life imprisonment. Both accused have said the will file appeals against the judgement.

Case 002/02: Case 002/02 refers to the second trial against Khieu Samphan and Nuon Chea where additional charges from the Closing Order in Case 002 will be heard. In a decision on 4 April 2014, the Trial Chamber decided that the following alleged crime sites and factual allegations will form the basis for Case 002/02:
•    Genocide against the Cham and the Vietnamese (excluding crimes committed by the Revolutionary Army of Kampuchea on Vietnamese territory);
•    Forced marriages and rape (nationwide);
•    Internal purges;
•    S-21 Security Centre; Kraing Ta Chan Security Centre, Au Kanseng Security Centre and Phnom Kraol Security Centre;
•    1st January Dam Worksite; Kampong Chhnang Airport Construction site, Trapeang Thma Dam Worksite;
•    Tram Kok Cooperatives;
•    Treatment of Buddhists (limited to Tram Kok Cooperatives); and
•    Targeting of former Khmer Republic Officials (implementation limited to Tram Kok Cooperatives, 1st January Dam Worksite, S-21 Security Centre and Kraing Ta Chan Security Centre)

Trial hearings in Case 002/02 will commence on 17 October 2014.


Read more about Case 002/01

Read more about Case 002/02

Case 002/01

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Witnesses, experts and Civil Parties who have appeared in Case 002. Click on photo for larger version.

Mr. Phann Chhen Mr. Phann Chhen
Mr. SREI Than Mr. SREI Than

The witness is a former security guard at Kraing Ta Chan Security Centre. Following a request for protective mesaures, the Trial Chamber ordered that the address of the witness should not be disclosed to the public, and that his image should not be shown in public. The video recordings of the witneds have therefore been distorted/pixelated.

Mr. SAO Han Mr. SAO Han
 Mr. PHNEU Yav Mr. PHNEU Yav
Mr. RY Pov Mr. RY Pov
Ms. Elizabeth Becker Ms. Elizabeth Becker

Ms. Becker is a former journalist with the Washington Post and the New York Times and she is the author of the book "When the war was over: Cambodia and the Khmer Rouge Revolution". She was one of only two western journalist who was allowed to visit Democratoc Kampuchea. During her visit in Deecember 1978 she interviewed Pol Pot and Ieng Sary.

Mr. SOY Sen Mr. SOY Sen

The Civil Party Mr. Soy said has was arrested and sent to Kraing Ta Chan prision in 1974 an detained there until 1979.  After a while he was allowed to work during daytime with watching after the cattle and farming activities. He said he was also  ordered to  to dig pits and bury the dead.He was questioned about his experiences during the time he was detained at the prison. 

Mr. Keo Chandara Mr. Keo Chandara

Mr. Keo told the Trial Chamber that he joined the revolutionary movement as a doctor in 1970, responding to the call from former leader Norodom Sihanouk. He said he was arrested and sent to Kraing Ta Chan in 1975. He was questioned about arrest, interrogation, torture and exexutions at the security centre. 

Ms. CHEANG Srei Mom Ms. CHEANG Srei Mom

Ms. CHEANG Srei Mom, 60, is from Nhaeng Nhang commune in Tram Kok District in Takeo Province. She said the area came under Khmer Rouge control in 1970. She explained that before she was forced into a marriage in 1977, she had worked as a teaching assistant in a children’s unit. She was questioned about her marriage and other marriages in the cooperative. The witness was asked questions related to the living conditions, prohibition of Buddhism, policies on the Vietnamese, and arrests of people in the cooperative, including her own father, who she said was killed at Kraing Ta Chan Security Center.

Mr. EM Phoeung Mr. EM Phoeung
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