Case 002

Two former Khmer Rouge leaders are now on trial in Case 002.

The two Accused are:

  • Nuon Chea, former Chairman of the Democratic Kampuchea National Assembly and Deputy Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea; and
  • Khieu Samphan, former Head of State of Democratic Kampuchea

The two Accused are charged with crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949, and genocide against the Muslim Cham and the Vietnamese. 

The Trial Chamber held the initial hearing in June 2011. Since then, Case 002 has been severed into at least to separate trials, each addressing a different section of the indictment.

Two other co-accused, Ieng Sary and his wife Ieng Thirith, were also part Case 002. The proceedings against Ieng Sary were terminated on 14 March 2013, following his death the same day. Ieng Thirith, was indicted but later found unfit to stand trial due to her dementia and separated from the case in November 2011. Following a re-assessment by medical experts in August 2012, The Trial Chamber found that Ieng Thirith remained unfit to stand trial. The medical experts concluded that no further available medical treatment was likely to improve Ieng Thirith's fitness to stand trial. Ieng Thirith was released from provisional detention on 16 September 2012, and she is currently under under judical supervision.

Case 002/01: The first trial (Case 002/01) commenced on 21 November 2011, primarily focusing on alleged crimes against humanity related to the forced movement of the population from Phnom Penh and later from other regions (phases one and two), and excution of Khmer Republic soldiers at Toul Po Chrey execution site immediately after the Khmer Rouge takeover in 1975.  It also considers the roles of the Accused in relation to regime policies relevant to all charges, which will provide a foundation for examining the remaining charges in future trials. The hearing of evidenve in case 002/01 ended on 23 July 2013 and the closing statements concluded on 31 October 2013. The trial judgment was pronounced on 7 August 2014. Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan were found guilty of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life imprisonment. Both accused have said the will file appeals against the judgement.

Case 002/02: Case 002/02 refers to the second trial against Khieu Samphan and Nuon Chea where additional charges from the Closing Order in Case 002 will be heard. In a decision on 4 April 2014, the Trial Chamber decided that the following alleged crime sites and factual allegations will form the basis for Case 002/02:
•    Genocide against the Cham and the Vietnamese (excluding crimes committed by the Revolutionary Army of Kampuchea on Vietnamese territory);
•    Forced marriages and rape (nationwide);
•    Internal purges;
•    S-21 Security Centre; Kraing Ta Chan Security Centre, Au Kanseng Security Centre and Phnom Kraol Security Centre;
•    1st January Dam Worksite; Kampong Chhnang Airport Construction site, Trapeang Thma Dam Worksite;
•    Tram Kok Cooperatives;
•    Treatment of Buddhists (limited to Tram Kok Cooperatives); and
•    Targeting of former Khmer Republic Officials (implementation limited to Tram Kok Cooperatives, 1st January Dam Worksite, S-21 Security Centre and Kraing Ta Chan Security Centre)

Trial hearings in Case 002/02 will commence on 17 October 2014.


Read more about Case 002/01

Read more about Case 002/02

Case 002/01

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Witnesses, experts and Civil Parties who have appeared in Case 002. Click on photo for larger version.

Mr. MEAS Sokha Mr. MEAS Sokha

Mr. MEAS was called to give testimony about the living and working conditions in the Tram Kok Cooperatives and Kraing Ta Chan security centre in Takeo Province. 

Ms. UM Sophany Ms. UM Sophany
Mr. Stephen Heder Mr. Stephen Heder

Mr. Heder is an American scholar who was called to testify about the books he has authored and interviews he has conducted with the Accused and other cadres relevant to the regime of Democratic Kampuchea. He previously worked in the ECCC’s offices of the Co-Prosecutors and then of the Co-Investigating Judges. Since the Khmer Republic period in the early 1970s, he had worked as a journalist and researcher in Cambodia, and continued to cover Cambodia even after he left the country in April 1975. Seven Candidates for Prosecution: Accountability for the Crimes of the Khmer Rouge.

MS. EK Hen MS. EK Hen

Ms Ek was a member of the Khmer Rouge military before being placed in mo-bile working units after the formation of Democratic Kampuchea. She answered questions about the disappearances of associates from her workplace, the de-nouncement of people as traitors and the presence of the accused at her worksites.

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 03 July 2013
Mr. SUM Alat Mr. SUM Alat

Mr. SUM was a Lon Nol soldier in Pursat province when Khmer Rouge seized nationwide control in April 1975. He was questioned related to the alleged executions at Tuol Po Chrey.

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 03 July 2013
Mr. LEV Lam Mr. LEV Lam

Mr. LEV Lam said he was a militia man in Kampong Tralach Leu district/ District 12 from 1972-1975.

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 02 July 2013
Mr. PECH Chim Mr. PECH Chim

Mr. PECH Chim told the Trial Chamber he joined the revolutionary movement in 1970 in District 105. He was a former ‘deputy of the district front’ in Takeo province, which included in its jurisdiction the administration of the security centre Krang Tachang. He answered on distinctions between ‘good’ and ‘bad’ people and the executions of the latter, the role of the accused at study sessions, and his observations whilst working at the security centre.

[Corrected 1] Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 01 July 2013
Mr. NOU Mao Mr. NOU Mao

Mr Nou, 78, worked in military and then as a commune official. He testified about the study sessions by senior KR leaders such as Chou Chet and Ta Mok, the treatment of Khmer Viet Minh, and the opinions of senior KR leaders regarding the evacuation of Phnom Penh six months prior to its occurrence.

Mr. LENG Chheoung Mr. LENG Chheoung

Mr. LENG Chheoung told the Trial Chamber that he joined the revolutionary movement in late 1973. Mr Leng, 56, worked as a driver for Khieu Samphan from mid-1978 until the Vietnamese invasion in 1979. He testified about the movements of Khieu Samphan during the last few months of the Democratic Kampuchea regime.

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 17 June 2013
Mr. SIM Hao Mr. SIM Hao

Mr. Sim HAOtold the Trial Chamber he joined the revolutionary movement as a soldier in 1972, an that he arrive in Phnom Penh in 1975 three days after the city had fallen.

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