Case 002

Two former Khmer Rouge leaders are now on trial in Case 002.

The two Accused are:

  • Nuon Chea, former Chairman of the Democratic Kampuchea National Assembly and Deputy Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea; and
  • Khieu Samphan, former Head of State of Democratic Kampuchea

The two Accused are charged with crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949, and genocide against the Muslim Cham and the Vietnamese. 

The Trial Chamber held the initial hearing in June 2011. Since then, Case 002 has been severed into at least to separate trials, each addressing a different section of the indictment.

Two other co-accused, Ieng Sary and his wife Ieng Thirith, were also part Case 002. The proceedings against Ieng Sary were terminated on 14 March 2013, following his death the same day. Ieng Thirith, was indicted but later found unfit to stand trial due to her dementia and separated from the case in November 2011. Following a re-assessment by medical experts in August 2012, The Trial Chamber found that Ieng Thirith remained unfit to stand trial. The medical experts concluded that no further available medical treatment was likely to improve Ieng Thirith's fitness to stand trial. Ieng Thirith was released from provisional detention on 16 September 2012, and she is currently under under judical supervision.

Case 002/01: The first trial (Case 002/01) commenced on 21 November 2011, primarily focusing on alleged crimes against humanity related to the forced movement of the population from Phnom Penh and later from other regions (phases one and two), and excution of Khmer Republic soldiers at Toul Po Chrey execution site immediately after the Khmer Rouge takeover in 1975.  It also considers the roles of the Accused in relation to regime policies relevant to all charges, which will provide a foundation for examining the remaining charges in future trials. The hearing of evidenve in case 002/01 ended on 23 July 2013 and the closing statements concluded on 31 October 2013. The trial judgment was pronounced on 7 August 2014. Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan were found guilty of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life imprisonment. Both accused havesfiled appeals against the judgement, and appeals proceedings are ongoing.

Case 002/02: Case 002/02 refers to the second trial against Khieu Samphan and Nuon Chea where additional charges from the Closing Order in Case 002 will be heard. In a decision on 4 April 2014, the Trial Chamber decided that the following alleged crime sites and factual allegations will form the basis for Case 002/02:
•    Genocide against the Cham and the Vietnamese (excluding crimes committed by the Revolutionary Army of Kampuchea on Vietnamese territory);
•    Forced marriages and rape (nationwide);
•    Internal purges;
•    S-21 Security Centre; Kraing Ta Chan Security Centre, Au Kanseng Security Centre and Phnom Kraol Security Centre;
•    1st January Dam Worksite; Kampong Chhnang Airport Construction site, Trapeang Thma Dam Worksite;
•    Tram Kok Cooperatives;
•    Treatment of Buddhists (limited to Tram Kok Cooperatives); and
•    Targeting of former Khmer Republic Officials (implementation limited to Tram Kok Cooperatives, 1st January Dam Worksite, S-21 Security Centre and Kraing Ta Chan Security Centre)

Trial hearings in Case 002/02 commenced on 17 October 2014.

 

Read more about Case 002/01


Read more about Case 002/02

Case 002/01

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Witnesses, experts and Civil Parties who have appeared in Case 002. Click on photo for larger version.

Mr. NOU Mao Mr. NOU Mao

Mr Nou, 78, worked in military and then as a commune official. He testified about the study sessions by senior KR leaders such as Chou Chet and Ta Mok, the treatment of Khmer Viet Minh, and the opinions of senior KR leaders regarding the evacuation of Phnom Penh six months prior to its occurrence.

Mr. LENG Chheoung Mr. LENG Chheoung

Mr. LENG Chheoung told the Trial Chamber that he joined the revolutionary movement in late 1973. Mr Leng, 56, worked as a driver for Khieu Samphan from mid-1978 until the Vietnamese invasion in 1979. He testified about the movements of Khieu Samphan during the last few months of the Democratic Kampuchea regime.

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 17 June 2013
Mr. SIM Hao Mr. SIM Hao

Mr. Sim HAOtold the Trial Chamber he joined the revolutionary movement as a soldier in 1972, an that he arrive in Phnom Penh in 1975 three days after the city had fallen.

Mr. TUN Soeun Mr. TUN Soeun

Mr. TUN Seoun is Khieu Samphan's son-in-law and he was questioned about the character of the Accused.

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 10 June 2013
Mrs. SO Socheat Mrs. SO Socheat

Mrs. SO Socheat is Khieu Samphan's wife.

Mr. SOK Roeur Mr. SOK Roeur

Mr. SOK told the Trial Chamber that he used to be Khieu Samphan's bodyguard. He was called to testify primarily about Khieu Samphan's character.

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 07 June 2013
Mr. Sydney Schanberg Mr. Sydney Schanberg

Mr. Schanberg is a former New York Times correspondent who was in Phnom Penh when the Khmer Rouge took control on 17 April 1975. He testified via video-link from New York.

Dr. CHHIM Sotheara Dr. CHHIM Sotheara

Dr. CHHIM Sotheara provided expert testimony about his mental health work with Khmer Rouge survivors.

Mrs. BAY Sophany Mrs. BAY Sophany

Mrs. BAY testified during the victims impact hearings about the harm she has suffered. She spoke about the suffering she and her family endured as a consequence of the evacuation of Phnom Penh. She described the death of all her three children as well as her experience working in cooperatives.

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 04 June 2013
Mr. SOEUN Sovandy Mr. SOEUN Sovandy

Mr. SOEUN testified during the victims impact hearings about the harm he has suffered. He detailed the hardships he faced after being evacuated from Phnom Penh, separated from his parents and put into a forced labour camp. He asked the accused persons why the Khmer Krom minority group were targeted, whether they were involved in the implementation of the regime policy, and whether they would have acted differently in hindsight

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 04 June 2013
Ms. SENG Sivutha Ms. SENG Sivutha

Ms. SENG testified during the victims impact hearings about the harm she has suffered. She described how she was treated working in the cooperatives after the evacua-tion of Phnom Penh, where she was beaten regularly and lost her eyesight. She questioned the accused as to why children were put to work and why they did not ensure enough food was available.

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 04 June 2013
Mr. NOU Hoan Mr. NOU Hoan

Mr. NOU Hoan testified during the victims impact hearings about the harm he has suffered. He sescribed the pain he has felt since his daughter, nephews and cousins were removed during the night and ‘smashed’ by Khmer Rouge soldiers more than 30 years ago.

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 30 May 2013
Ms. SOPHAN Sovany Ms. SOPHAN Sovany

Ms. SOPHAN Sovany testified during the victims impact hearings about the harm she has suffered. She described the misery resulting from her entire family being killed during Democratic Kampuchea. She recalled traumatic events such as wit-nessing the killing of a pregnant woman with a hoe.

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 30 May 2013
M. YIN Roum Doul M. YIN Roum Doul

Mr. YIN Roum Doul testified during the victims impact hearing about the harm he has suffered. He testi-fied about his experiences after being evacuated from Phnom Penh to a cooperative, where he was separated from his family and sent to a “children’s unit” where he was badly beaten, tortur

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 30 May 2013
Ms. PO Dina Ms. PO Dina

Ms. PO Dina testified during the victims impact hearings about the harm she has suffered. She told the Trial Chamber how her husband “disappeared,” son starved to death, and how she herself was beaten severely, imprisoned and tortured after refusing a forced marriage.

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 30 May 2013
Ms. THOUCH Phandara Ms. THOUCH Phandara

Ms. THOUCH Phandara testified during the victims impact hearings about the harm she has suffered. She spoke of the suffering she endured losing first her parents then the rest of her family and being placed into forced labour camps.

[old version] Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 29 May 2013
Ms. CHAN Socheat Ms. CHAN Socheat

Ms. CHAN Socheat testified during the victims impact hearings about the harm she has suffered. She told the chamber how she lost every member of her immediate family, including 13 brothers and sisters to overwork and starvation.

[old version] Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 29 May 2013
Ms. CHHENG Eng Ly Ms. CHHENG Eng Ly

Ms. CHHENG Eng Ly testifed during the victims impact hearings about the harm she has suffered via video-link from Paris. She described the numerous atrocities she witnessed, including a woman being forced to dig her own grave before being buried alive, and the brutal murder of a baby.

[old version] Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 29 May 2013
Ms. HUO Chantha Ms. HUO Chantha

Ms. HUO Chantha testified during the victims impact hearings about the harm she has suffered. She described both the im-mediate and long-term effects of being forcefully evacuated and being placed in a labour camp, having lost her husband to a heart condition acquired as a result of the conditions he faced in such a camp.

[old version] Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 29 May 2013
Ms. SOU Sotheavy Ms. SOU Sotheavy

Ms. SOU Sotheavy, a transgender woman, testified about the harm she suffered from the evacuation of Phnom Penh and the aftermath, the loss of all her immediate family, and the repeated beatings and rapes she suffered subsequently.

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 27 May 2013
Mr. AUN Phally Mr. AUN Phally

Mr. AUN Phally testified during the victims impact hearing about the harm he ahs suffered. He gave a statement of suffering describing the deaths of the rest of his family, and his subsequent suffering as an orphan in a children’s unit where he was forced to work without food or water and regularly beaten.

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 27 May 2013
Ms. SANG Rath Ms. SANG Rath

Ms. SANG Rath testified during the victims impact hearings about the harm she has suffered. She described how her family was divided by age and gender and put to work in Battambang province. Within one year, each of her four children and her husband had died from starvation and exhaustion.

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 27 May 2013
Mr. YOS Phal Mr. YOS Phal

Mr. YOS Phal testified during the victim impact hearings about the harm he has suffered. Mr. YOS was a policeman under the Lon Nol regime. He described how his entire squad was killed under suspicion of being internal enemies, how his father was killed because he was no longer useful to the revolution.

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 27 May 2013
Mr. PROM Sou Mr. PROM Sou

Mr. PROM Sou told the Trial Chamber that he was assigned by Khmer Rouge to work with propaganda in 1971.  He  said he was in Preah Vihear province on 17 April 1975.

Mr. CHAU Soc Kon Mr. CHAU Soc Kon

Mr. CHAU Soc Kon was summoned to testify on Khieu Samphan's Character. He testified via video-link from France.

Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002 - 22 May 2013
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