NUON Chea

NUON Chea

Biography

Nuon Chea (his name at birth was Lao Kim Lorn) studied law at Bangkok's prestigious Thammasat University, where he became a member of the Thai Communist Party. Appointed Deputy Secretary of the CPK in 1960, he retained this position and his membership in the CPK’s Standing Committee throughout the period of Democratic Kampuchea. He remained with the Khmer Rouge until reaching a deal with the Cambodian government in December 1998 that allowed him to live near the Thai border.

Alias Brother Number Two
Date of Birth 7 July 1926
Place of Birth Voat Kor village, Battambang province
Arrested Date 19 September 2007
Defence counsel Son Arun (Cambodia) and Victor Koppe (Netherlands)
Position in Democratic Kampuchea Deputy Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea, member of the Standing Committee and Central Committee of Communist Party of Kampuchea, Chairman of the Democratic Kampuchea People’s Assembly. According to the Closing Order, Nuon Chea was allegedly also a member of the Military Committee of the Central Committee, but he disputes that he was member of the said committee.
Status of case Nuon Chea has been indicted and sent to trial for crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and genocide; offences which are defined and punishable under Articles 4,5, 6, 29 (New) and 39 (New) of the Law on the Establishment of the Extraordinary Chambers as amended 27 October 2004.

The charges against Nuon Chea have been separated (severed) into a series of at least two trials (Case 002/01 and case 002/02). The initial hearing in the trial was held 27-30 June 2011, and the substantive part of the trial in Case 002/01 commenced with opening statements on 21 November 2011, and ended with final statements on 31 Ocrober 2013. A judgement in Case 002/01 will be pronounced on 7 August 2014. The trial in Case 002/02 is expected to start later in 2014.
Key allegations

Nuon Chea is alleged to be responsible, through his acts or omissions (committed via a joint criminal enterprise), for having planned, instigated, ordered, or aided and abetted, or being responsible by virtue of superior responsibility, for the following crimes committed between 17 April 1975 and 6 January 1979: 

 
  • Crimes against humanity (murder, extermination, enslavement, deportation imprisonment, torture, persecution on political, racial, and religious grounds and other inhumane acts)
  • Genocide, by killing members of the groups of Vietnamese and Cham 
  • Grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 (wilful killing, torture or inhumane treatment, wilfully causing great suffering or serious injury to body or health, wilfully depriving a prisoner of war or civilian the rights of fair and regular trial, unlawful deportation or unlawful confinement of a civilian)
Case No.

 

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