Khieu Samphan

Khieu Samphan received a bursary to study in France in 1955 and published his doctoral dissertation “Cambodia's economy and industrial development”.

Upon his return to Cambodia, Khieu Samphan became a professor before being appointed Secretary of State for Trade in Sihanouk’s regime in 1962.

Under threat from Sihanouk’s security forces, he allegedly went into hiding in 1967 and reemerged within the Khmer Rouge resistance in the early 1970s.

In 1976 he was appointed Democratic Kampuchea’s Head of State. He succeeded Pol Pot after the latter retired as the official head of the Khmer Rouge in 1987, and represented Democratic Kampuchea at the 1989 International Conference on Cambodia in Paris.

After pledging allegiance to the Cambodian government in 1998, he left the Khmer Rouge and lived in the north-western province of Pailin until being arrested in placed in provisional detention at the ECCC in November 2007.

Photo


Alias
Hem
Date of Birth
Place of birth
Svay Rieng
Arrested date
Defence counsel
Mr. Kong Sam Onn (Cambodia), Mr. Arthur Vercken (France), Ms. Anta Guisse (France)
Alleged Position in Democratic Kampuchea

Head of State (Chairman of the State Presidium) of Democratic Kampuchea.

Status of case

Khieu Samphan has been indicted and sent to trial for Crimes against Humanity, Grave Breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and Genocide, offences which are defined and punishable under Articles 4,5, 6, 29 (New) and 39 (New) of the Law on the Establishment of the Extraordinary Chambers as amended on 27 October 2004.

The charges against Khieu Samphan have been separated (severed) into two trials (Case 002/01 and case 002/02).

The initial hearing in the trial was held 27-30 June 2011, and the substantive part of the trial in Case 002/01 commenced with opening statements on 21 November 2011, and ended with final statements on 31 October 2013. The trial judgment was pronounced on 7 August 2014.

Khieu Samphan was found guilty of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life imprisonment. On 23 November 2016, the Supreme Court Chamber quashed part of the convictions but affirmed life imprisonment for Khieu Samphan in Case 002/01. 

Trial hearings in Case 002/02 commenced on 17 October 2014. The presentation of evidence started on 8 January 2015 and concluded on 11 January 2017.

Closing statements were held from 13 -23 June 2017. The trial judgment in Case 002/02 is expected in the second quarter of 2018. 

On 16 November 2018, the Trial Chamber of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) convicted KHIEU Samphan of genocide, crimes against humanity and grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949.

Key indictment allegations

Khieu Samphan is alleged to be responsible, through his acts or omissions (committed via a joint criminal enterprise), for having planned, instigated, ordered, or aided and abetted, or being responsible by virtue of superior responsibility, for the following crimes committed between 17 April 1975 and 6 January 1979: 

  • Crimes against humanity (murder, extermination, enslavement, deportation imprisonment, torture, persecution on political, racial, and religious grounds and other inhumane acts)
  • Genocide, by killing members of the groups of Vietnamese and Cham 
  • Grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 (wilful killing, torture or inhumane treatment, wilfully causing great suffering or serious injury to body or health, wilfully depriving a prisoner of war or civilian the rights of fair and regular trial, unlawful deportation or unlawful confinement of a civilian)
Cases Case 002Case 002/01Case 002/02
Date
Decision on the Civil Party Lead Co-Lawyers' Urgent Request to File in One Language and for Expedited Filing Schedule F69/1
Civil Party Lead Co-Lawyers’ Urgent Request to File in One Language, and for an Expedited Filing Schedule F69
Order for Quarterly Cognitive Testing of the Accused and Test Scheduling in Case 002/02 F30/15/1/3
Transcript of appeal hearing case 002 on 19 August 2021 F1/12.1
Transcript of appeal hearing case 002 on 18 August 2021 F1/11.1
Transcript of SC appeal hearing case 002/02, on 17 Aug 2021 F1/10.1
Transcript of SC appeal hearing case 002/02, on 16 Aug 2021 F1/9.1
Co-Prosecutors’ Additional Authorities and References to other Material for the Case 002/02 Appeal Hearing F66/3
Table of authorities for Co-Prosecutors’ Additional Authorities and References to other Material for the Case 002/02 Appeal Hearing F66/3.1
Civil Party Lead Co-Lawyers’ Table of Additional Authorities for the Appeal Hearing in Case 002/02 F66/1
Notice to conduct a test run in preparation for the appeal hearing in case 002/02 F68
Pre-Trial Chamber Interoffice Memorandum concerning Confidential and Public Redacted Documents in Case File 002 Proposed for Reclassification to Public F67
Annex: Pre-Trial Chamber Interoffice Memorandum concerning Confidential and Public Redacted Documents in Case File 002 Proposed for Reclassification to Public F67.1
Annex 1: Final Timetable for the Appeal Hearing in Case 002/02 F66.1
Scheduling Order for the Appeal Hearing in Case 002/02 F66
Annex 2: Co-Rapporteurs’ Report pursuant to Internal Rule 108(5) F66.2
Decision on succession request to continue civil party action F57/1
Decision on the Civil Party Lead Co-Lawyers’ Request for Postponement of the Appeal Hearing and Instructions with regard to New Dates and Modalities for the Appeal Hearing F65
Observations from the Defence on the procedure for the appeal hearing F64/1
Table of authorities for Co-Prosecutors’ Observations and Request based on the Office of Administration’s Response to the Civil Party Lead Co-Lawyers’ Request to Postpone the Appeal Hearing Planned for 17-21 May 2021 F61/3/1.1.1
Co-Prosecutors’ Observations and Request based on the Office of Administration’s Response to the Civil Party Lead Co-Lawyers’ Request to Postpone the Appeal Hearing Planned for 17-21 May 2021 F61/3/1
Annex A: Email from Supreme Court Chamber's Senior Legal Officer dated 19 April 2021 F61/3.2
Table of authorities for Office of Administration’s Response to the Civil Party Lead Co-Lawyers’ Request to Postpone the Appeal Hearing Planned for 17-21 May 2021 F61/3.1
ឧបសម្ព័ន្ធ ឃ (Annex D: Sub-Decree on Administrative Measures for Preventing the Spread of COVID-19 and other Severe and Dangerous Contagious Diseases) F61/3.5
Annex B: Covid-19 risk mitigation measures implemented by the Sihanoukville Provincial Court of First Instance F61/3.3

ECCC PRESS RELEASE ON CASE 003