Nuon Chea

Nuon Chea (his name at birth was Lao Kim Lorn) studied law at Bangkok's prestigious Thammasat University, where he became a member of the Thai Communist Party.

Appointed Deputy Secretary of the CPK in 1960, he retained this position and his membership in the CPK’s Standing Committee throughout the period of Democratic Kampuchea.

He remained with the Khmer Rouge until reaching a deal with the Cambodian government in December 1998 that allowed him to live near the Thai border.


Brother Number Two
Date of Birth
Place of Birth
Voat Kor village, Battambang province
Arrested Date
Defence counsel
Son Arun (Cambodia) and Victor Koppe (Netherlands)
Position in Democratic Kampuchea

Deputy Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea, member of the Standing Committee and Central Committee of Communist Party of Kampuchea, Chairman of the Democratic Kampuchea People’s Assembly.

According to the Closing Order, Nuon Chea was allegedly also a member of the Military Committee of the Central Committee, however he disputes that he was had been a member of said committee.

Status of case

Nuon Chea has been indicted and sent to trial for crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and genocide; offences which are defined and punishable under Articles 4,5, 6, 29 (New) and 39 (New) of the Law on the Establishment of the Extraordinary Chambers as amended on 27 October 2004.

The charges against Nuon Chea have been separated (severed) into two trials (Case 002/01 and Case 002/02).

The initial hearing in Case 002/01 was held from 27-30 June 2011,  the substantive part of the trial  commenced with opening statements on 21 November 2011, and ended with final statements on 31 October 2013.The trial judgment was pronounced on 7 August 2014.

Nuon Chea was found guilty of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life imprisonment. On 23 November 2016, the Supreme Court Chamber quashed part of the convictions but affirmed life imprisonment for Nuon Chea in Case 002/01. 

Trial hearings in Case 002/02 commenced on 17 October 2014. The presentation of evidence started on 8 January 2015 and concluded on 11 January 2017.

Closing statements were held from 13 -23 June 2017. The trial judgment in Case 002/02 is expected in the second quarter of 2018. 

Key allegations

Nuon Chea is alleged to be responsible, through his acts or omissions (committed via a joint criminal enterprise), for having planned, instigated, ordered, or aided and abetted, or being responsible by virtue of superior responsibility, for the following crimes committed between 17 April 1975 and 6 January 1979: 

  • Crimes against humanity (murder, extermination, enslavement, deportation imprisonment, torture, persecution on political, racial, and religious grounds and other inhumane acts)
  • Genocide, by killing members of the groups of Vietnamese and Cham 
  • Grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 (wilful killing, torture or inhumane treatment, wilfully causing great suffering or serious injury to body or health, wilfully depriving a prisoner of war or civilian the rights of fair and regular trial, unlawful deportation or unlawful confinement of a civilian)
Case No. Case 002Case 002/01Case 002/02
Scheduling Order for Pronouncement of the Judgement in Case 002/2 E462
Request for correction document number E1/250.1 E1/250.1/Corr-4
[Corrected 2] Report on admissions of prisoners from Department 105 to Party E3/2012
Request for correction on document number E1/387.1 E1/387.1/Corr-4
Order for quarterly cognitive testing of the accused and scheduling of the tests E460/6
Sixth Decision on Fitness of the Accused Khieu Samphan to Stand Trial E460/5
Sixth Decision on Fitness of the Accused Nuon Chea to Stand Trial E460/40
Order Assigning Experts to Assess the Accused's Fitness to Stand Trial and Scheduling Assessment E460
Memorandum Responding to the Lead Co-Lawyers' Request for Guidance Regarding Additional Funding and Activities for Certain Reparation Projects E457/6/2/5
Civil Party Lead Co-Lawyers' Supplemental Submission on Funding Issues Related to Reparation Projects in Case 002/02 and Request for Guidance with Confidential Annexes E457/6/2/4
Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002/02 - 15 December 2016 E1/514.1
Supreme Court Chamber Judgement Appeal No 002/19-09-2007-ECCC/SC
Decision on the Admission into Evidence of the Choeung Ek Study Documents E404/9
Trial Chamber Memorandum Entitled “Closing Briefs, SCC judgement in Case 002/01 and TMM” E449
Trial Chamber Memorandum Entitled “Decision on NUON Chea Defence Internal Rule 87(4) Requests E434 and E435” E434/2
Co-Prosecutors’ Response to Civil Party Lead Co-Lawyers’ Immediate Appeal Against Trial Chamber Decision regarding Rape Outside the Context of Forced Marriage E306/7/3/1/3
[Corrected 1] Civil party lead co-lawyers’ response to Nuon Chea’s request regarding the page limit, time limit, and content of his closing brief in case 002/02 E421/5/2
Civil party lead co-lawyers’ immediate appeal against trial Chamber decision on request for confirmation of scope of the Charges of rape outside the context of forced E421/5/3/1/1
Trial Chamber Memorandum Entitled “Order scheduling cognitive testing of the accused” E389/5/1
Transcript of hearing on the substance in Case 002/02 - 26 January 2016 E1/382.1
NUON Chea’s rule 87(4) request to summons PATRICK HEUVELINE as a demographics expert in case 002/02 and to have two related documents admitted into evidence E444
Civil party lead co-lawyers’ reply to Nuon Chea’s response to Request for clarification relating to remaining charges in Case 002 E439/4
Trial Chamber Memorandum Entitled “Decision on NUON Chea rule 87 (4) request for admission of material in relation to the Late King Father Norodom Sihanouk” E396/4
[Corrected 1] Decision on requests regarding internal rule 87 (4) deadlines E421/4

Media Alert: Access for public and media accreditation to Case 002/02 judgement

The Trial Chamber of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) notified the Parties that pursuant to Inte