Nuon Chea

Nuon Chea (his name at birth was Lao Kim Lorn) studied law at Bangkok's prestigious Thammasat University, where he became a member of the Thai Communist Party.

Appointed Deputy Secretary of the CPK in 1960, he retained this position and his membership in the CPK’s Standing Committee throughout the period of Democratic Kampuchea.

He remained with the Khmer Rouge until reaching a deal with the Cambodian government in December 1998 that allowed him to live near the Thai border.

Photo


Alias
Brother Number Two
Date of Birth
Place of Birth
Voat Kor village, Battambang province
Arrested Date
Defence counsel
Son Arun (Cambodia) and Ms. Doreen Chen (Australia)
Position in Democratic Kampuchea

Deputy Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea, member of the Standing Committee and Central Committee of Communist Party of Kampuchea, Chairman of the Democratic Kampuchea People’s Assembly.

According to the Closing Order, Nuon Chea was allegedly also a member of the Military Committee of the Central Committee, however he disputes that he was had been a member of said committee.

Status of case

Nuon Chea has been indicted and sent to trial for crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and genocide; offences which are defined and punishable under Articles 4,5, 6, 29 (New) and 39 (New) of the Law on the Establishment of the Extraordinary Chambers as amended on 27 October 2004.

The charges against Nuon Chea have been separated (severed) into two trials (Case 002/01 and Case 002/02).

The initial hearing in Case 002/01 was held from 27-30 June 2011,  the substantive part of the trial  commenced with opening statements on 21 November 2011, and ended with final statements on 31 October 2013.The trial judgment was pronounced on 7 August 2014.

Nuon Chea was found guilty of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life imprisonment. On 23 November 2016, the Supreme Court Chamber quashed part of the convictions but affirmed life imprisonment for Nuon Chea in Case 002/01. 

Trial hearings in Case 002/02 commenced on 17 October 2014. The presentation of evidence started on 8 January 2015 and concluded on 11 January 2017.

Closing statements were held from 13 -23 June 2017. The trial judgment in Case 002/02 is expected in the second quarter of 2018. 

On 16 November 2018, the Trial Chamber of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) convicted NUON Chea of genocide, crimes against humanity and grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949.

Key allegations

Nuon Chea is alleged to be responsible, through his acts or omissions (committed via a joint criminal enterprise), for having planned, instigated, ordered, or aided and abetted, or being responsible by virtue of superior responsibility, for the following crimes committed between 17 April 1975 and 6 January 1979: 

  • Crimes against humanity (murder, extermination, enslavement, deportation imprisonment, torture, persecution on political, racial, and religious grounds and other inhumane acts)
  • Genocide, by killing members of the groups of Vietnamese and Cham 
  • Grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 (wilful killing, torture or inhumane treatment, wilfully causing great suffering or serious injury to body or health, wilfully depriving a prisoner of war or civilian the rights of fair and regular trial, unlawful deportation or unlawful confinement of a civilian)
Case No. Case 002Case 002/01Case 002/02
Date
Letter from the Amsterdam Bar Association dated 24 January 2017 E378/3/3
Letter from the Amsterdam Bar Association dated 16 February 2016 E378/1/3
Letter from the Amsterdam Bar Association dated 1 September 2016 E378/3/1
Letter from the Disciplinary Council of the Amsterdam District dated 1 February 2018 E378/7/1
Attachment 1: Letter from Victor Koppe to the Dean of the Amsterdam Bar Association dated 21 April 2016 E378/3/1.1
[REDACTED] Email correspondence between the Trial Chamber Senior Legal Officer and the greffier of the Disciplinary Council of the District of Amsterdam E378/7/2
Letter from the Amsterdam Bar Association dated 8 July 2016 E378/1/4
Decision of the disciplinary board of the Judicial District of Amsterdam dated 16 July 2018 in the case 18-083/A/A E378/9
Email from the Dean of the Amsterdam Bar Association dated 5 April 2017 E378/4/1
Attachment 2: Information about complaints before the Disciplinary Council of the District of Amsterdam E378/7/1.2
Trial Chamber Memorandum Entitled “Acknowledgement of receipt of BACK’s response dated 21 June 2018” E378/8/7
Letter from the Disciplinary Council of the District of Amsterdam dated 8 May 2018 E378/7/4
Trial Chamber Memorandum Entitled “Status of International Co-Counsel for NUON Chea in Case 002/02” E378/8/2
Letter from the Bar Association of the Kingdom of Cambodia to Chief of DSS E378/8/13
Attachment 1: Letter from Victor Koppe to the Dean of the Amsterdam Bar Association dated 27 March 2017 E378/4/1.1
Letter from the Amsterdam Bar Association to Disciplinary Council E378/8.1
Letter from BACK to the Trial Chamber concerning the Status of International Co-Counsel for NUON Chea in Case 002/02 E378/8/8
Attachment 1: Letter from Victor Koppe to the Dean of the Amsterdam Bar Association dated 14 January 2017 E378/3/3.1
Attachment 1: Inventory of materials before the Disciplinary Council of the Amsterdam District E378/7/1.1
[REDACTED] Letter from Britta Boehler entitled Mr. Victor Lodewijk Koppe v. ECCC E378/10
Submissions of the International Co-Lawyer for NUON Chea on His Status in Case 002/02 E378/8/3
Letter from the Amsterdam Bar Association dated 18 October 2016 E378/3/2
Confirmation of international bank transfer of 50 Euro application fee to Amsterdam Bar Association E378/4/2
Letter from the Disciplinary Council of the District of Amsterdam dated 1 May 2018 E378/7/3
DSS Response to Trial Chamber on Status of International Co-Counsel in Case 002/02 E378/8/1

PRESS STATEMENT BY THE DEFENCE SUPPORT SECTION

The Defence Support Section (“DSS”) of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (“ECCC”) has assigned Ms.

SUMMARY OF JUDGEMENT IN CASE 002/02

The following is a summary of the Trial Chamber’s Judgement in Case 002/02.

PRESS BRIEFING ON THE UPCOMING JUDGEMENT IN CASE 002/02 AGAINST NUON CHEA AND KHIEU SAMPHAN

In advance of the Trial Chamber’s pronouncement on 16 November 2018 of a summary of the findings and the disposition of the Judgement for Case 002/02 concerning the Accused NUON Chea and KHIEU Samp

Media Alert: Access for public and media accreditation to Case 002/02 judgement

The Trial Chamber of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) notified the Parties that pursuant to Inte